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TermDefinition
baste To brush food as it cooks with butter, meat drippings, or stock. Basting keeps baked or roasted foods moist.
beard to tail For crustaceans such as shrimp or lobster, once the head and body have been removed what is left is cut "beard to tail" or top to bottom on the underside to extract the meat.
Beau Monde Seasoning A commercial seasoning blend containing salt, dextrose, onion, celery seed and tricalcium phosphate (as marketed under the Spice Islands label) designed to enhance the flavor of most foods except sweets.
bechamel sauce A French white sauce made with milk and a roux of butter and flour. A thin sauce is made with 1 tbsp each butter and flour to 1 cup of milk. For medium sauce, use 2 tbsp each, and for a thick sauce, use 3 tbsp each.
beef tartare Finely chopped, high quality beef, seasoned with salt, pepper, and herbs, and served raw.
beignet New Orleans pastry, deep fried and served with powdered sugar, like a fritter. A savory beignet may be made with herbs.
bell pepper The best known of American sweet peppers it belongs to the Capsicum family like the chile pepper but is mild, sweet flavored and crisp. Though most often bright green, there are also red, yellow, orange, purple and brown varieties. They may be used in cooking or eaten raw, with seeds and stems removed.
Bellini Italian drink made with champagne and peach nectar.
beni shoga Ginger root pickled with sweet vinegar and colored red. Often served with sushi in thin slices. Also known as gari.
berbere Ethiopian spice blend used in stews and soups.

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