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TermDefinition
borscht A Russian or Polish soup made with beef stock, beets, and other vegetables or meat. Traditionally topped with sour cream. Served hot or cold.
boudin Boudin blanc is a French sausage made with chicken, pork, fat, eggs, cream, bread crumbs and seasonings. In Louisiana it is made with pork, rice and onions.
bouillabaisse A French seafood stew made with fish and shellfish, onions, tomatoes, white wine, garlic, saffron and herbs. Often served over thick slices of French Bread.
bouillon A strained broth made by cooking any vegetable, meat, seafood, or poultry in water. Used for soups and sauces.
bouquet Refers to the fragrance of wine.
bouquet garni Herbs tied or bagged in cheesecloth and used to flavor soups or broths. They can easily be removed at the end of cooking.
braise A cooking technique of browning meat, then slow cooking in a tightly covered container with a small amount of liquid.
Brazil nut The seed of a large, Amazon jungle tree. High in fat and high in the antioxident, selenium.
bread starter Before commercial baking powders and yeasts were available, bread starters were a mixture of flour, water, sugar and yeast set aside to ferment and then kept alive by regularly adding equal parts of water and flour. Various types of starters include sourdough and Herman (see word search for recipes). Two cups of starter mixture substitutes for each package of yeast called for in a recipe. The starter should not be used if it turns orange or pink as it has been invaded by undesirable backteria and must be discarded.
brown sugar Granulated or white sugar combined with molasses giving it a soft texture. Dark brown sugar has a heavier molasses flavor and light brown sugar, a more delicate taste.
bruschette Traditionally, this is toasted bread rubbed with garlic and olive oil. Now the bread is more often topped with tomatoes, herbs, mushrooms, or other items.
bubble and squeak An English side dish made with mashed potatoes and cooked cabbage, mixed together and fried.
bulger Steamed, dried, and crushed wheat kernels. Used in Middle-Eastern dishes like Tabbouleh.
Bundt pan A round baking pan with a tube in the middle and fluted sides. Bundt was a trademarked name, but now the term is generic.
butterfly A preparation technique of splitting an item down the center, nearly completely through, so the halves can be opened and laid flat, looking like a butterfly (though a meaty, dead one.)
Byrrh French drink of combined red wine and quinine water.
cacao A tropical tree whose seeds are used to make cocoa and chocolate.
Caesar salad Famous salad first made by Caesar Cardini in Tijuana, Mexico. Romaine lettuce and croutons are tossed with garlic, olive oil, lemon juice, anchovy, egg, and Worcestershire sauce. An editor favorite is to substitute crisp chopped celery for the croutons.
Cajun A culinary style of French and Southern origins, associated with the deep south. There are numerous well known dishes, such as Jambalaya, that come from this cuisine.
caldo verde A Portugese soup made with kale, potatoes, and liguica sausage.
calorie An energy unit of measure. It is defined as the energy required to heat one gram of water by one degree C. at sea level. Fat and alcohol both have nearly twice the calories per unit of weight than carbohydrates and proteins.
cambric tea An American beverage of milk, water, sugar, and tea, served hot.
canape An appetizer or hors d'oeuvre of bread or crackers with some savory topping.
cannelloni A large, tube-shaped pasta. They are generally boiled, stuffed, and served with a sauce.
cannoli Italian dessert of deep fried pasta shells filled with a sweet ricotta cheese mixture.
Canola oil This Canadian oil is made from the rapeseed. Who'd want an oil named after the rapeseed? It is low in saturated fat and high in monounsaturated fat, making it a relatively healthy oil.
capellini Thin pasta, slightly thicker than "angel hair" pasta.
capers The flower but of a bush native to the Mediterranean and parts of Asia. It is picked, dried and then pickled in a vinegar brine. After rinsing, capers add a piquancy to sauces and condiments or as a garnish to meats and vegetables.
cappuccino An Italian coffee beverage of expresso, a little steamed milk, topped with steamed milk foam and cocoa powder.
capsaicin The "heat" in chiles comes from this compound. Most prevalent in the seeds and veins of the chiles.

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