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TermDefinition
ea each as in 1 lemon, 1 onion, or whatever.
Earl Grey tea A tea blend from Indian and Sri Lankan teas, named after the former Prime Minister Grey of England.
edamame Fresh soy beans, available in Japanese markets and restaurants.
egg wash Egg whites or yolks mixed with some water or milk, brushed onto baked goods.
eggnog A holiday beverage made of milk, eggs, sugar, and nutmeg. Often, rum or brandy are also added.
eggplant A fruit relative of the tomato. Various types are available, the most common of which is a deep purple color. Older eggplants tend to be bitter. The white eggplant is shaped like an egg, hence the name.
empanada A Mexican or Spanish pastry, generally filled with meat and vegetables, though dessert empanadas can be filled with fruit.
emulsion A mixture of two liquids that don't normally mix well. It is done by rapid stirring and slowly pouring one liquid into the other. A blender or food processor makes the job very easy.
endive One of three types of plants: Belgian endive, which is grown without light to produce white leaves, curly endive with curled, lacy leaves, and escarole. Escarole is the mildest, the other varieties being bitter.
enoki A delicate, fruity tasting mushroom with long, thin stems and tiny white caps. High in vitamin D.
escarole A type of endive. Milder than Belgian endive.
essence An oily, concentrated extract from foods, used to flavor certain dishes.
etouffee A popular Cajun dish which is a thick spicy stew of crayfish and vegetables served over white rice.
evaporated milk Canned milk with about 60% of the water removed. It can be used as a substitute for cream, or mixed with water to substitute for milk. The flavor is somewhat sweeter than either cream or milk, however.
extracts Flavorings from various foods, concentrated through evaporation or distillation. Due to their intense flavor, they are added in very small quantities to dishes.
fagioli The Italian word for beans, generally meaning white beans.
Fahrenheit A temperature scale where 32 degrees is the freezing point of water, and 212 degrees is the boiling point. C=(F-32)*5/9.
fajitas A Mexican dish of marinated meat fried with onions and peppers, cut into strips, and served with tortillas.
farfel Grated egg noodle dough used in soups. Can refer simply to food that has broken into small pieces.
Farmers Cheese Another name for cottage cheese, pot cheese, clabber cheese,or Schmierkaese. These are considered unripened soft cheeses made pasteurized milk and kept at temperatures between 70 and 100 degrees until the milk is clabbered and separates into curds and whey. For detailed instructions on making these cheeses you may consult versions of Irma Rombauer's Joy of Cooking through at least 1964.

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