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TermDefinition
empanada A Mexican or Spanish pastry, generally filled with meat and vegetables, though dessert empanadas can be filled with fruit.
emulsion A mixture of two liquids that don't normally mix well. It is done by rapid stirring and slowly pouring one liquid into the other. A blender or food processor makes the job very easy.
endive One of three types of plants: Belgian endive, which is grown without light to produce white leaves, curly endive with curled, lacy leaves, and escarole. Escarole is the mildest, the other varieties being bitter.
enoki A delicate, fruity tasting mushroom with long, thin stems and tiny white caps. High in vitamin D.
escarole A type of endive. Milder than Belgian endive.
essence An oily, concentrated extract from foods, used to flavor certain dishes.
etouffee A popular Cajun dish which is a thick spicy stew of crayfish and vegetables served over white rice.
evaporated milk Canned milk with about 60% of the water removed. It can be used as a substitute for cream, or mixed with water to substitute for milk. The flavor is somewhat sweeter than either cream or milk, however.
extracts Flavorings from various foods, concentrated through evaporation or distillation. Due to their intense flavor, they are added in very small quantities to dishes.
fagioli The Italian word for beans, generally meaning white beans.
Fahrenheit A temperature scale where 32 degrees is the freezing point of water, and 212 degrees is the boiling point. C=(F-32)*5/9.
fajitas A Mexican dish of marinated meat fried with onions and peppers, cut into strips, and served with tortillas.
farfel Grated egg noodle dough used in soups. Can refer simply to food that has broken into small pieces.
Farmers Cheese Another name for cottage cheese, pot cheese, clabber cheese,or Schmierkaese. These are considered unripened soft cheeses made pasteurized milk and kept at temperatures between 70 and 100 degrees until the milk is clabbered and separates into curds and whey. For detailed instructions on making these cheeses you may consult versions of Irma Rombauer's Joy of Cooking through at least 1964.
fava bean A bean the looks like a large lima bean, popular in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cooking. They have a tough skin that can be removed by blanching.
fennel A plant that has fine foliage and celery-like stalks and a large base. The plant has a light, anise like flavor.
fenugreek Fenugreek is a plant native to western Asia. The young leaves are used as an herb and the rock-hard seed pods are ground and used as a spice. It is an important ingredient in curries.
fermentation A chemical change in foods, such as wine, cheese, and yogurt. The change is caused by bacteria or yeasts which produce the enzymes that cause the fermentation process.
fettuccini Wide (about 3/8 inch), flat pasta noodes.
fiber The portion of plant foods that cannot be digested.

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